Read e-book online 50 Years of Ocean Discovery: National Science Foundation PDF

By National Research Council, Division on Earth and Life Studies, Environment and Resources Commission on Geosciences, Ocean Studies Board

This e-book describes the advance of ocean sciences over the last 50 years, highlighting the contributions of the nationwide technological know-how origin (NSF) to the field's development. the various people who participated within the interesting discoveries in organic oceanography, chemical oceanography, actual oceanography, and marine geology and geophysics describe within the booklet how the discoveries have been made attainable by means of combos of insightful participants, new expertise, and sometimes, serendipity.

as well as describing the improvement of ocean technology, the e-book examines the institutional constructions and know-how that made the advances attainable and offers visions of the field's destiny. This publication is the first-ever documentation of the historical past of NSF’s department of Ocean Sciences, how the constitution of the department advanced to its current shape, and the people who were accountable for ocean sciences at NSF as “rotators†and profession employees during the last 50 years.

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The first leg, led by Ewing, drilled into the caprock of a salt dome in 3,572 m of water, where geophysical evidence suggested the crust might be oceanic rather than continental. The drilling did not settle the question of the depth of water during salt accumulation. The drilling did make JOIDES aware of the risk of encountering uncontrollable hydrocarbons, and so planners created a Safety and Pollution Panel to screen proposed sites for their risk potential. The following leg, across the North Atlantic, ran into serious problems with hard chert layers in the lower Cenozoic sediments, and reached basaltic basement at only three sites.

Fortune (May):138-141,198-199, 203-204, 208-209. K. 1995. Drilling to the mantle: Project Mohole and federal support for the Earth sciences after Sputnik. Unpublished text of paper delivered at Annual Meeting, History of Science Society, Minneapolis, Minn. 13 pp. Â < previous page < previous page 46 page_127 page_128 next page > next page > 47 Page 128 Technology Development for Ocean Sciences at NSF H. Lawrence Clark Division of Ocean Sciences, National Science Foundation Abstract Great advances in our understanding of global oceans and their interactions with the Earth and the atmosphere have been made under NSF sponsorship over the past 50 years.

Fortune (May):138-141,198-199, 203-204, 208-209. K. 1995. Drilling to the mantle: Project Mohole and federal support for the Earth sciences after Sputnik. Unpublished text of paper delivered at Annual Meeting, History of Science Society, Minneapolis, Minn. 13 pp. Â < previous page < previous page 46 page_127 page_128 next page > next page > 47 Page 128 Technology Development for Ocean Sciences at NSF H. Lawrence Clark Division of Ocean Sciences, National Science Foundation Abstract Great advances in our understanding of global oceans and their interactions with the Earth and the atmosphere have been made under NSF sponsorship over the past 50 years.

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