A Strategic Vision for NSF Investments in Antarctic and by Engineering, and Medicine National Academies of Sciences, PDF

By Engineering, and Medicine National Academies of Sciences, Division on Earth and Life Studies, Polar Research Board, Committee on the Development of a Strategic Vision for the U.S. Antarctic Program

Antarctic and Southern Ocean medical study has produced a wide range of significant and fascinating clinical advances. Spanning oceanography to tectonics, microbiology to astrophysics, the extraordinary Antarctic atmosphere offers special possibilities to extend our wisdom approximately how our planet works or even the very origins of the universe. learn at the Southern Ocean and the Antarctic ice sheets is changing into more and more pressing not just for knowing the way forward for the sector but additionally its interconnections with and affects on many different components of the globe.

The U.S. nationwide technological know-how starting place (NSF) presents U.S. researchers with large entry to the continent and its surrounding ocean. A Strategic imaginative and prescient for NSF Investments in Antarctic and Southern Ocean Research identifies priorities and strategic steps ahead for Antarctic learn and observations for the following decade. This survey offers a decadal imaginative and prescient for strategic investments in compelling examine and the infrastructure most crucial for aiding this study. This file makes options for high-priority, larger-scale, community-driven study tasks that handle questions poised for major increase with the following a long time. This file additionally outlines a roadmap wherein the imaginative and prescient and those priorities should be met.

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The ­tropical ENSO impact on West Antarctica is amplified when the SAM and ENSO oscillations are in phase with each other, and the impact is damped when the two oscillations are out of phase. • Solar-terrestrial research informs scientific understanding of how short-term and longer-term variations in solar output affect Earth’s “space weather” 33 Copyright © National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved. 4 IceCube Neutrino Observatory The IceCube Neutrino Observatory, a set of detectors located at the South Pole designed to capture signs of high-energy neutrinos, was completed in 2010.

A Strategic Vision for NSF Investments in Antarctic and Southern Ocean Research Opportunities and Challenges of Antarctic and Southern Ocean Research Sheet, and observed vertical motion of the Earth’s crust. Together with precise gravity measurements from the GRACE satellite, this has been crucial for quantifying the current rate of ice loss from Antarctica. A frontier for exploration and discovery. Many of the places, processes, and eco­ systems in Antarctica remain as unknown as other planets.

Current global models are too coarse to resolve critical features of the ocean circulation, and the limited observations make it difficult to assess model skill. SOCCOM is an NSF-sponsored program, initiated in 2014, that will help elucidate the role of the Southern Ocean in global climate. Biogeochemical sensors mounted on autonomous floats will allow sampling of factors such as nutrients, pH, and phytoplankton biomass in the upper 2,000 m of the ocean, with a temporal resolution of 5 to 10 days.

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