By D. W. Phillipson David W. Phillipson
David Phillipson provides an illustrated account of African prehistory, from the origins of humanity via ecu colonization during this revised and extended variation of his unique paintings. Phillipson considers Egypt and North Africa of their African context, comprehensively reviewing the archaeology of West, East, critical and Southern Africa. His e-book demonstrates the relevance of archaeological learn to realizing modern Africa and stresses the continent's contribution to the cultural history of humankind.
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Additional resources for African Archaeology, Third Edition
Afarensis is the earliest hominid for which the extent of sexual dimorphism may be estimated: it was signiﬁcantly greater than in later hominids and closer to that seen among apes (Richmond and Jungers 1995). It has been suggested that this may indicate ongoing male competition for mates, rather than long-term pairing. The general trend between 6 and 3 million years ago emphasised bipedal development, while retaining powerful arms which suggest frequent climbing of trees. Indeed, there are indications that all hominids known from this time inhabited well-wooded environments, effectively disproving the former belief that development of bipedalism accompanied a shift in preferred habitat from forest to savanna.
49--50). Somewhat later contexts at Koobi Fora have yielded a distinct series of artefacts for which the name ‘Karari industry’ has been proposed; this material is discussed in chapter 3. 0 million years ago being particularly informative. Hominid fossils, although not particularly numerous, are sometimes exceptionally complete. The relatively robust Paranthropus (Australopithecus) aethiopicus (pp. 5 million years (A. C. Walker et al. 1986), subsequently becoming signiﬁcantly more common and representing about half of the total hominid sample.
The more comprehensive fossil record means that A. afarensis is the earliest hominid for which the extent of sexual dimorphism may be estimated: it was signiﬁcantly greater than in later hominids and closer to that seen among apes (Richmond and Jungers 1995). It has been suggested that this may indicate ongoing male competition for mates, rather than long-term pairing. The general trend between 6 and 3 million years ago emphasised bipedal development, while retaining powerful arms which suggest frequent climbing of trees.