By Ghasem Hosseini Salekdeh
This e-book will disguise a number of subject matters to complex how proteomics might give a contribution in our knowing of mechanisms curious about pressure model. the data being gathered through quite a lot of proteomics applied sciences might ultimately be used in breeding courses to reinforce rigidity tolerance. This ebook offers entire reports approximately responses of crop and cattle to environmental stresses. demanding situations relating to tension phenotyping and integration of proteomics and different omics information have additionally been addressed.
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Additional resources for Agricultural Proteomics Volume 2: Environmental Stresses
Maintaining charge balance; acting as electron carriers, structural components, and enzyme activators; and providing osmoticum for turgor and growth. The effects of mineral nutrient deﬁciencies can be very subtle to very dramatic, from small changes in the pH of the cytosol and reduced export of carbohydrates to immediate termination of root growth and substantial disruption of membranes or cell walls. Taken together, each of these can result to oxidative stress, destruction of chloroplasts, and the symptoms associated to chlorosis and necrosis .
At the developmental stage, plants can escape the low oxygen stress caused by flooding through multifaceted alterations in cellular and organ structure that promote access to and diffusion of oxygen . Proteomic studies revealed that one of the common responses of plants to flooding stress is the alteration of proteins involved in primary and secondary metabolism, and energy production. For example, flood stress decreases the level of two glycolytic enzymes in wheat roots, namely fructose-1,6-bisphosphate aldolase and sucrose:fructan 6-fructosyltransferase .
Another group of drought-inducible proteins are the LEA (Late Embryogenesis Abundant) proteins. ), these proteins accumulate late during embryogenesis and were later found in other vegetative organs under stress. The highly hydrophilic LEA protein genes have ABA response element (ABRE) and other drought response cis-elements in the promoter, and are hence inducible by ABA or drought . Recently, transgenic rice containing a barley LEA protein HVA1 was shown to be highly tolerant to drought .